Le_Corbusier

The French-Swiss architect Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris, or more commonly known as Le Corbusier, was one of the pioneers of modern architecture. He was born in 1887, in Switzerland, and eventually moved to France where he practiced architecture for a span of 5 decades. Many of his buildings can be found in France, as well as across Europe, the US, and India. He had a very influential presence in the architecture and design community at the time, and is renowned as one of the most influential architects of the modern era.  Many of his buildings utilized steel and reinforced concrete as the main building material, in a certain structural manner, allowing for his notorious open floor plan, as illustrated in his building prototype “Maison-Domino”:

Maison Domino

Le Corbusier, famous for his theory of the Five Points of Architecture, upon which, designed one of his most famous buildings, Villa Savoye. These five points are illustrated throughout the space and include:

1. Lift the building over pilotis, allowing for the ground floor to be used for greenery and to store vehicles:

villa savoye

2. Design a floor plan free from structural conditioning, creating an open floor plan based on columns rather than load bearing walls, upon which rooms can be placed intentionally and without structural interference :

villa savoye

3. Free the facade, letting no structural elements to interrupt the facade:

villa savoye

4. Run horizontal windows along the extent of the facade, allowing for light to enter the home equally:

villa savoye

5. Implement a roof garden, adding greenery back to the space the building footprint took from the ground:

villa savoye

Additional works of Le Corbusier include:

Villa La Roche, Paris, France 1923

Villa La Roche_Paris_France

Unité d’Habitation, Marseille, France 1947-52

d'Habitation_Marseille_France

Notre Dame de Haut, Ronchamp, France 1950-54

Notre Dame de Haut_Ronchamp_France

Palace of Assembly, Chandigarh, India 1955

Palace of Assembly

Maison du Brésil, Cité Universitaire, Paris, France 1957

Maison du Brésil_Cité Universitaire_Paris_France

Sainte Marie de La Tourette, near Lyon, France (with Iannis Xenakis) 1957-60

Sainte Marie de La Tourette-near Lyon-France

Heidi Weber Museum (Centre Le Corbusier), Zurich, Switzerland 1967

Heidi Weber Museum

Church of Saint-Pierre, Firminy, France 1971 (started 6 years after Le Corbusier’s death) – 2006

Church of Saint-Pierre_Firminy_France

His innovative designs consisted not only of architecture and interior design, but painting and furniture design as well. His iconic pieces, some of which he designed in collaboration with Pierre Jeanneret and Charlotte Perriand, can be used as a timeless staple in many room designs. All of these pieces, which certain manufactures have exclusive rights to, are still manufactured today:

 LC1 Chair

lc1

LC2 Chair

lc2

LC2 Sofa

lc2

LC4 Lounge

lc4

LC6 Table & LC7 Chair

lc6 lc7

LC7 Chair & LC19 Table

lc7 lc19

LC8 Stool

lc8

LC9 Stool

lc9

LC10 Table, LC2 Chair

lc10p

LC12 Table, LC7 Chair, LC8 Stool

lc12

LC15 Table

lc15

What is your favorite Le Corbusier furniture piece?

Sources: 1, 2, 3, 4, 56